Anti-Dumping Taxes and The Paper Sector

Merkut Lanpir

Abstract


Importation and exportation are essential elements of foreign trade. The desired condition is to keep importation and exportation in balance as well as to preserve national reserves via currency control established over the balanced currency.   In cases when foreign trade is unbalanced government may take measures to direct, prohibit and restrict money flow in importation and exportation (Ekşi, Nuray, p.3.1.). The first measure was implemented by Canada in 1904, Provisional Customs Tariff Law. In Turkey  the first case is seen in Regulation Regarding Prevention of Unfair Competition in Importation enacted in 1989. The first global implementation in paper business was the anti-damping tax resolution adopted as the conclusion of the case pended between Switzerland and Australia in 1998 (https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds119_e.htm); the first implementation in Turkey was  “Communiqué Regarding the Prevention of Unfair Competition in Importation” promulgated in Official Gazette under 2015/28 number by the Ministry of Economy.


Keywords


Anti-Dumping, Trade Policies, Tax, Paper, Import

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