International Journal of Commerce and Finance

International Journal of Commerce and Finance (e-ISSN 2149-9608) is a refereed, bi-annual, periodical journal containing original papers in English. Published since 2015, all research articles in the Journal are being reviewed by at least two referees after an initial editorial screening. The views expressed in the papers are under the responsibility of authors. The editors do not necessarily agree with the views expressed in the papers. All the copyright privileges of the papers accepted for the publication belong to  International Journal of Commerce and Finance.

International Journal of Commerce and Finance is published under the auspices of Istanbul Commerce University.

Vol 9, No 2 (2023): October

Table of Contents


Esra Ergün, Prof. Dr. Ahu Tuğba Karabulut
Mia Lestari, Yesi Mutia Basri, Gusnardi Gusnardi, Nita Wahyuni
Godwin Oluseye Olasehinde-Williams, Khosh Ahmad NOOR, Adeoti Sheriffdeen Olasunkanmi
Masfar Gazali
Abdul-Azeez Adeniyi Alao, Richard Oreoluwa Akingunola, Ishola Rufus Akintoye
Shamim Uddin
Erginbay Uğurlu